Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) Analysers

What is Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC)?

Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) refers to the fraction of organic carbon present in water, including rivers, lakes, and oceans, that is dissolved rather than being in particulate or solid form. This component of the carbon cycle is crucial for the transport of carbon within ecosystems, influencing soil formation, nutrient cycling, and the global carbon budget. DOC originates from various sources, including the decomposition of plant and animal material, as well as from the direct release of substances from living organisms. Its concentration and composition are important indicators of water quality and ecosystem health, affecting biological processes and the chemical characteristics of aquatic environments. Research on DOC encompasses its dynamics, sources, and role in carbon sequestration and release, reflecting its significance across terrestrial, freshwater, and marine systems.


Monitoring Dissolved Organic Carbon in Water Treatment

In the realm of water treatment, DOC plays a significant role due to its implications on water quality and treatment processes. DOC is essentially an organic matter that is small enough to pass through filters designed to remove particles between 0.70 and 0.22 mm in size, making it a pervasive component of both natural waters and wastewaters. As a parameter indicative of organic pollution, managing DOC levels is crucial for water treatment facilities aiming to ensure the provision of safe drinking water. Notably, the presence of DOC can complicate water treatment by participating in reactions that form disinfection byproducts (DBPs) when water is treated with disinfectants like chlorine. These DBPs pose health risks and are regulated due to their potential adverse effects.

Moreover, the nature of DOC as consisting partly of recalcitrant compounds—those that are resistant to biodegradation and possess high molecular weight—presents additional challenges for removal processes. Effective removal strategies are therefore essential for mitigating the impacts of DOC on water treatment efficiency and drinking water safety. Understanding and managing DOC is thus a key aspect of modern water treatment practices, requiring ongoing research and technological innovation to ensure the delivery of safe, high-quality water.


Online DOC Analyser